Marriage in Judaism: 5 Important Moments for Couples


In Judaism, marriage is a complex fabric woven with tradition, meaning, and deeply meaningful occasions. We’ll go over five crucial occasions in this article that perfectly capture the spirit of a Jewish union. Every milestone, from the original betrothal to the anniversaries, contributes to the long-lasting relationship between a Jewish marriage.

1. Betrothal Ceremony: A Promise Sealed

The “erusin” or “kiddushin,” or betrothal ceremony, marks the beginning of a Jewish couple’s journey. In Jewish tradition, it’s a spiritual vow that goes beyond a simple engagement. In this custom, the husband gives the bride a priceless item as a sign of his commitment to creating a life together. In contemporary Jewish weddings, this act skillfully blends traditional traditions with modern expressions of love. The amalgamation of traditional customs and contemporary manifestations mirrors the intricate fabric of Jewish matrimony, where historical and contemporary elements come together to establish a significant basis for the couple’s union.

2. The Signing of the Ketubah: A Covenant of Love


The Ketubah, a legitimate document outlining the rights and commitments of the spouse toward the bride, is the foundation of any Jewish marriage. This legitimate document may be a symbol of the couple’s devotion to one another, not just a piece of paper. Modern couples frequently choose customized designs for their Ketubahs, which combine tradition and modernity to reflect their journeys. Incorporating a modern Ketubah has come to define the modern wedding experience.

3. Chuppah Ceremony: Sheltering the Promise

The couple stands united under the Chuppah’s canopy, surrounded by loved ones. This building symbolizes the house they will construct together. The Chuppah serves as a visual metaphor for a contemporary wedding with a modern Ketubah, illustrating the union of traditional traditions and the newness of contemporary love. A crucial part is played by the officiating rabbi, who blesses and consecrates the union beneath the holy canopy.

4. Breaking the Glass: Symbolism in Shards

The groom ceremoniously crushes a glass underfoot as the ceremony builds to a crescendo—a deeply symbolic act. It alludes to the fragility of life and the couple’s promise to get through both happy and sad times together. The broken glass represents how enduring their commitment is. In contemporary Jewish weddings, this custom is changing as couples incorporate more intimate details. While some choose to use specially made glasses, which heightens the significance of the rite, others use colored glass fragments to create beautiful works that serve as enduring souvenirs. This revolutionary reworking captures the dynamic interaction between custom and individual expression, creating a special and significant story for every couple’s marriage.

5. Anniversary Celebrations: Milestones of Togetherness


A Jewish couple celebrates their yearly anniversary, a testament to the depth of their love that endures over time. Every significant event is marked by the sharing of heartfelt gifts and contemplations on their common path. The occasion provides a chance to reflect on the vows first made through the Ketubah, a holy marriage contract, and celebrate their union’s development and strengthening. Their yearly story of commitment gains layers of significance from this practice of meditation and acknowledgment, transforming each anniversary into a treasured occasion of celebration and reaffirmation.

The Heart of a Contemporary Wedding: Modernizing the Ketubah

The Ketubah is a key piece that has evolved to fit the changing dynamics of contemporary Jewish weddings in the tapestry of significant occasions. Couples of today not only embrace its traditional elements but also give it their unique flair and meaning, turning this holy contract into a unique statement of their dedication and a mirror of modern ideals.

Contemporary Ketubahs serve as canvases for artistic expression, with couples hiring talented artists to create unique records that encapsulate the spirit of their union. The contemporary Ketubah is a monument to the couple’s dedication to one another and their future together, with elaborate patterns that signify common interests and individual vows integrated throughout the text.

Beyond aesthetics, a change in marriage culture is also reflected in the modern Ketubah. It becomes into a dynamic document that changes and evolves with the couple, tolerating additions and modifications as their path takes them. This flexibility reflects the fact that relationships change over time and that marriages, like all living things, need to be adjusted and cared for.

Aufruf Ceremony

This pre-wedding synagogue event honors the couple with a special Torah reading. It’s a communal celebration where the congregation showers blessings and often throws candies at the couple, symbolizing a sweet life ahead. This ceremony is a public recognition of their imminent union and a moment of joyous community involvement.

Tena’im (Engagement Agreement)


A formal engagement ceremony distinct from the wedding, Tena’im involves the couple and their families signing a document outlining mutual commitments. This age-old tradition, often accompanied by a plate-breaking ritual, symbolizes the seriousness of the engagement and the irreversible step toward marriage.

Badeken (Veiling Ceremony)

In this touching ceremony, the groom veils the bride, symbolizing his intent to cherish her inner beauty. This tradition, inspired by the Biblical story of Rebecca veiling herself before marrying Isaac, also represents the idea of modesty and the groom’s commitment to protect and respect his bride.

Seven Blessings (Sheva Brachot)

Central to the Jewish wedding ceremony, these blessings are recited over a cup of wine. They celebrate joy, prosperity, love, and the divine presence in marriage. These blessings, often sung, link the couple’s joy to the wider history and future of the Jewish people, marking the spiritual significance of marriage.


These occasions, from the betrothal to the anniversaries, intertwine to create the rich tapestry of Jewish marriage, telling a tale of love, devotion, and custom. A modern wedding using a Ketubah is a celebration of the timeless spirit that has characterized Jewish marriage throughout history, not just a mash-up of the old and the new. The Ketubah is a timeless emblem that embodies the commitments made and the love that never stops growing, even as couples navigate the depths of their shared journey.

Written by Rebecca Eulikk